What is valium?
Valium(Diazepam) pronounced “Dye-Az-e-Pam”
Diazepam affects the chemicals in the brain that become unbalanced and cause anxiety.
Diazepam is a member of the group benzodiazepine tranquilizers, which exert anxiolytic, sedative, muscle-relaxant and anticonvulsant effects. This is now known to be the result of facilitating the action of y-aminobutyric acid (GABA).the most important inhibitory neurotransmitter in the brain.Valium is used to treat anxiety disorders, or also for ALCOHOL WITHDRAWAL symptoms, or muscle spasms.
How does Valium works?
Diazepam is rapidly and completely absorbed from the digestive tract, peak plasma concentrations appearing 30-90 minutes after oral intake on intramuscular injection, absorption is also complete, though not always more rapid than with oral administration.
The elimination curve of diazepam is biphasic, an initial rapid and extensive distribution phase with a half-life of up to 3 hours being followed by a prolonged terminal elimination phase (half-life up to 48hours). Diazepam is metabolized to the pharmacologically active nor diazepam.
It is used for the short-term relief of symptoms of mild to moderate anxiety or alcohol withdrawal such as agitation. It also uses muscle spasms. It works by slowing down the nerves in the brain. Some precautions before using Valium diazepam
– This medication maybe available under multiple brand names or in different forms.
– Do not give the medication to anyone else, even if they have the same symptoms as you do. It can be dangerous for people to use this medication without the doctor’s prescription or advice.
– If you have not discussed this with doctor or are not sure why you are being given this medication, speak to your doctor.
– Do not stop using this medication without consulting your doctor.
Valium has several effects on the body including: Reducing anxiety; causing sleepiness; relaxing muscles; stop seizures; impairing short-term memory.
All medicines in this category can have these effects to some degree, depending on the specific (benzodiazepine) that is being taken. they work in the brain by enhancing the effects of Gama-amino-butyric acid(GABA),a brain chemical that is naturally calming. GABA can slow down or stop certain nerve signals in the brain. This is why valium and other (benzodiazepines) are known as mild tranquilizers, sedatives, or central nervous system depressants (CNS Depressants).
Is diazepam safe for me?
According to FDA pregnancy category D – Do not use diazepam if you are pregnant, it could harm the unborn baby. Use effective birth control and tell your doctor if you have become pregnant during treatment. Diazepam may cause low blood pressure, breathing problems, addiction and withdrawals symptoms in a newborn if the mother takes the medication during pregnancy.
What are valium Side-effects?
The most common reported side-effects are fatigue, drowsiness and muscle weakness. These phenomena occur predominantly at the start of therapy and usually disappear with prolonged administration. The following may also occur:
– Gastrointestinal disturbance,
– Dry mouth or hyperventilation
– Skin reactions,
– Urinary retention,
– Dizziness and blurred vision;
– Very rarely elevated transaminases and phosphatase as well as cases of jaundice have been reported occasionally.
– Paradoxical reaction such as restlessness,
– Inappropriate behavior and other adverse behavioral effect in the elderly
What happened if valium is overdosed?
You are at a greater-than-normal risk of accidents when you take too much valium. But taking larger amount of valium can make you dizzy and impair your judgment, which can put you in danger. and when taken at high doses or mixed with other drugs, valium can cause a slowed heartbeat or breathing problems.
Slow or shallow breathing is the most dangerous complication of valium overdose. In some cases, valium overdose might stop you breathing.
Help for valium overdose?
While its own high doses of valium are unlikely to cause permanent harm, even low doses of valium could be fatal if combined with alcohal, narcotics or other CNS depressants. If you have taken valium in high doses a long good medical attention is necessary if you start experiencing troubling breathing or experience an irregular heartbeat.
How many valium is too much?
It’s hard to over dose on valium, but it is possible especially when combine with other drugs. The recommended daily dose is 4 to 40mg of valium throughout the day. Only up to 10mg of valium should be taken at one time-less in someone without a tolerance to valium. People have been reported taking doses of up to 2000mg valium without serious effects. Thats about 50 times the maximum recommended daily dose.so valium is incredibly safe and very difficult to overdose on if taken by itself.
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